INMOS

October 11, 2007 – 9:29 am Print This Post
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Simple Transitive switching Primer:

A transistor, also known as a Transitive State Resistor is just that, a variable resistor with an output that can be varied by a control voltage. Even though it’s used in many applications as a switch, it’s actually a rather slow device in terms of switching currents. The two general types are the Junction and the Field Effect.

In a Field Effect Transistor, the input is linked to the output directly and controlled via a gate voltage. The FET transistor contains a conductive channel with the field gate partially embedded within the channel (either in the side or on top). In the FET or Field effect transistor the current either flows or is reduced by the field current, depending on it’s basic arrangement and the materials used.

In a Junction Transistor the channel is separated by the gate (usually called the base). This means there are actually two junctions. Input to base and output to base. One can increase or decrease the current through the transistor by altering the base voltage. Usually between the output and the base but having two junctions has advantages at times.

A Trans-stator device is a semiconductor device similar to the stator winding in an alternator. I recall them being used in a large power plant as replacements for the stator windings in the alternators that generate power for a large city. (such a device can also be used to generate a stable magnetic field which is why it’s included here. It gives one something to think about) A transtator contains chemicals impregnated within a very long, very large channel. The unique thing about a transtator is that it will generate current when exposed to a changing magnetic field. They usually contain a field channel as well but unlike the FET transistor, the field is mounted atop the stator channel rather than being embedded within it. The TSField connection has a rather large current applied to it to crowbar the alternator output (generate very high stator resistance) while the alternator is being started. Once running the TSField current is reduced which increases the conductivity of the transtator. It’s then used to monitor the grid as a way of regulating the field coils in the alternator. The more power the grid uses, the lower the field current and the greater the output to the grid. Kind of a neat idea as long as safety measures are taken to prevent a TSF short… The Trans-stator itself is made from very clean elements: Hyde copper (copper with hydrogen replacing the oxygen molecules), Lead, and a alkaline buffer, usually some kind of cull from Peroxides. The large transtator channels are mounted inside the alternator housing and when properly aligned (1/16th inch clearance or so), provide much greater power output due to their efficient conversion of magnetic to electric current, than a copper or aluminum stator winding. The stator can also withstand collisions better than a wire stator winding. The power plant that used them was able to generate 5 terawatts using three large alternators on a large DAM. A place I visited and pondered at great length. Imagine using such a device to build a silicon chip based power transformer.

Metal Oxide Switches:

After much experimentation, a rather clever pair of college level engineers designed a semiconductor based Metal Oxide device using a combination of Indium, Niobium and a hydrogen based lead peroxide (called lead-dioxide) switch that has NO transition between on and off like a transistor. It’s called an INMOS (Indium Niobium Metal Oxide Switch). The device is similar to a junction transistor but it has switching times in the gamma (as in gamma radiation) range. I don’t know how to express it in nanoseconds but it’s factors faster than a transistor. I also recall them being used for computer memory circuits. When doped properly they have a benefit in addition to switching currents. They can also store a static charge. With appropriate circuitry they can be used to store analogous data as well as digital data. I recall being able to purchase them in what’s called a TerraBlock, The T indicates Terra so they contain a trillion bits that can each store a voltage which can be read as either a digital ON or OFF, or as a discrete voltage level. They are used to store any kind of voltage level within their rated range. One purchases them as either Flat (binary) or multi Dimensional.

The 2DTB6400 is a Terra Block that can store 64 discrete voltage levels. The multi dimensional blocks all come in various voltage levels from 64 to 1024. So a terrablock semiconductor can store just over 100 gigabytes of binary data or 1,000,000,000,000 discrete voltage levels. They are really cool because the junction maintains a voltage potential without any refresh, just like a CMOS making them perfect for carrying around large amounts of data. As long as they are protected from accidental discharge, they are just like a CMOS but they can be both read and written at several hundred Thz.

Transitive State Switch:

As noted above, a transistor is a transitive state resistor. Using the same type of experimentation that was originally used to design the first INMOS device. Later experimentation led the two young professors to try various elements in an attempt to slow down the gamma speed switching of the INMOS. Their idea led them to using lead as the channel and platinum as the gate. The result is a transitive state switch. A switch that varies it’s output voltage as fast as a INMOS but the output can be controlled by the gate voltage. The most useful thing about the Plexus Switch is that it’s output nearly perfectly matches it’s input. It requires NO forward bias to begin conducting current and as an amplifier, it’s output is so linear it can amplify a near gamma signal.

Because: It’s not a transistor, it’s a SWITCH!

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